European Standards

All Espuna products are compliant with EC requirements. They are certified and marked one by one. The EC marking indicates compliance with the requirements of Directive 89/686/CEE relative to personal protective equipment (PPE).
In this section you will find explanations for the logos of each product in this catalogue.

Classification of clothing by category

PPE Category 1

Self-certification (declaration issued by the manufacturer under his sole responsibility). Protection against minor risks the effects of which , when they are gradual can be detected in time without danger for the user.

PPE Category 2

EC compliance declaration established after a EC type examination procedure by a notified body. Protection against intermediate risks, not included in categories 1 or 3. The EN420 standard specifies general requirements and testing methods in terms of ergonomics, comfort, innocuousness, marking and information.

PPE Category 3

Supplementary procedure with intervention by a notified body: EC guarantee of quality system or system for ensuring EC quality of production by means of monitoring. Protection against lethal risks or risks that are harmful to health and physical integrity in a serious and irreversible way.

European Standards

EN 420

General requirements for gloves

The EN420 standard specifies general requirements and testing methods in terms of ergonomics, comfort, innocuousness, marking and information.

EN 388

EN 388

Protection gloves against mechanical hazards

This pictogram is followed by four numbers (performance levels), each representing test performance against a specific hazard:

  • Abrasion (level 0 to 4) based on the number of cycles required to abrade through the sample glove.
  • Blade cut resistance ((level 0 to 5): based on the number of cycles required to cut through the sample at a constant speed.
  • Tear resistance (level 0 to 4): based on the amount of force required to tear the sample.
  • Puncture resistance (level 0 to 4): based on the amount of force required to pierce the sample with a standard sized point.

EN 407

EN 407

Protection against thermal hazards

The EN 407 standard specifies thermal performance of protective gloves against heat and/or fire.
The specific protective qualities are :

  • Resistance to flammability (performance level 0 – 4)
  • Contact heat resistance (performance level 0 - 4)
  • Convective heat resistance (performance level 0 - 4)
  • Radiant heat resistance (performance level 0 - 4)
  • Resistance to small splashes of molten metal (performance level 0 – 4)
  • Resistance to large splashes of molten metal (performance level 0 - 4)

EN 511

EN 511

Gloves providing protection from cold

The EN 511 standard specifies the thermal resistance and insulation capacities of the glove.
The reference tests are:

  • Resistance to convective cold (performance level 0 – 4), based on the thermal insulation properties of the glove which are obtained by measuring the transfer of cold via convection
  • Resistance to contact cold (performance level 0 – 4) based on the thermal resistance of the glove material when exposed to contact with a cold object
  • Permeability by water (0 or 1)
    0 = water penetration after 30 minutes of exposure;
    1 = no water penetration.
  • Flexure behaviour (for coated material).

EN 659

EN 659

Protection gloves for firefighters
The EN 659 Standard defines minimum performance requirements and test methods for firefighters’ protective gloves.
It only applies to firefighters’ protective gloves which protect the hands during normal firefighting, including search and rescue.

ISO 11611 : 2007

ISO 11611 : 2007

Protective clothes used for welding and related techniques

The ISO 11611 standard specifies the minimal security requirements for protective clothes that must be worn during welding operations.
Two protection classes are defined with specific performance requirements:

  • Class 1, the lowest.
  • Class 2, the highest.

EN 12477

Protection gloves for welders
The EN 12477 standard covers all the tests of EN 388 (protective gloves against mechanical hazards) and the main tests of EN 407 (protective gloves against thermal hazards) in order to define the minimum requirements for protective gloves for welding and related techniques.
Protective gloves for welders are classified into 2 types:

  • Type A : Lower dexterity (other performances are higher)
  • Type B : Higher dexterity (other performances are lower) – advised for TIG welding.


ISO 13997

Protective gloves against cut hazards

International standard with test method on a TDM brand machine.
The reference index is calculated according to force that is applied to a blade of standard sharpness to just cut through a material in a blade stroke of length 20 mm. The blade is changed for every tested sample. It is recommended for material with very high cut resistance.

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Glove typology


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European Standards